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Process principle and function of passivation in electro-galvanizing process

Vangel 原创 2023-05-17 14:08:42

The passivation process in the zinc plating process is aimed at increasing the corrosion resistance, inhibiting corrosion, and improving the decorative properties of the electroplated product by forming a protective film on the surface of the zinc coating.

Before passivation, the surface of the zinc-plated part is first cleaned and any impurities, zinc oxide, scars, rust stains, and other surface defects are removed through an acid-soaking treatment. The passivation process commonly uses either Chrome-free or Chrome-based passivation methods.

Chrome-free passivation typically uses magnesium or Vmag871 passivators, which form a surface film composed of magnesium ions and zinc ions. This protective film significantly improves the corrosion resistance and decorative properties of the electroplated product. Chrome-based passivation commonly uses chemical compounds such as sodium chromate (Na2Cr2O7), which creates a cone-shaped passivation film on the surface, using Cr3+ ions. This passivation film can also effectively improve the corrosion resistance and decorative properties of the zinc-plated part.

In summary, the passivation process in the zinc plating process aims to improve the corrosion resistance, corrosion inhibition, and decorative properties of the electroplated product by forming a protective film on the surface of the zinc coating. This process protects the zinc-plated part from corrosion and external factors, ultimately improving its longevity.